The way how the mankind developed trough last 40000 years,expressed in terms of semiotics
Wednesday, January 30, 2008
Scientific-technological Revolution and the Historical Consciousness
By Miroslav Mišković,Croatia
Historical consciousness was from the beginning the basis of every social consciousness.At the present time,into a era of scientific-technological revolution,it does occurs in that region dramatically changes which are, according to their intensity, at least peering to the discovery of History in the epoch of first industrial revolution and constitution of bourgeois society as the hegemony of entire consciousness.
Leading forces of the scientific-technological revolution have long been joined by nailing together into a shell of old relations,thinking out upon miscellaneous ways to customise to them;miscellaneous shapes of "alternatively"ideologies,"sexual revolution",psychotherapy and some spiritual sectarians wears this collectively trait.Political constituting of the subjective forces of scientific- technological revolution happens 1968.y. when they have been carried away in the wave of left wing ideologies,crushing with Maoism,Trotsky's,Che Guevara and Castro,anarchism etc.Soon thereafter the capital has recognised profit potentialities of that forces ,so that they have been disperses into a miscellaneous forms of modified bourgeois ideologies,or -in the best occasion -into a ecological and peacemaking movements and parties.
Emancipatory potentialities of the scientific- technological revolution surpass those narrow attempts for adaptation into a established conditions and is introducing deep negation of still dominant bourgeois society,inside whom it came into a being;at the same time,they surpasses also a possibilities which has until recently got Marxism and evolve space of the legitimate prolongation social processes and movements which this has initialized.
The conception of History ,arised into a 18. and 19. century, is introducing compromise between rational and mythical knowledge.Hers capital component is Jude-christian myth about genesis of a world and a man,and precision role have played a rival(sometimes complementary)myths of other provenances:German,Slavic,Italo-roman,Greek,Egyptian etc.
At the dawn of modern the tought Anglican archbishop Usher calculated ,rationalizing the contents of the Bible,that the dawn of the world has occurred 4004.y. before Christ.Posterior researches have revealed that the dawn of the Sumerian civilization - hence History - in point of fact fall down into a time round 6000g. before present.Thereby have been derived also a constitutive elements of History or civilization:state,writing,coinage,mensuration units and,by latter expansion of insight,specific way of the production of tangible goods, homologous level of technological development,as well as emerging of social classes and class order economic relations.
However,ulterior researches have revealed that also before the "civilization" subsisted,documented into a homologous stratigraphical stratum's,human communities and cultures established upon different rules of social organization.Those knowledge have shaken Old Testament myth about genesis as well as its "scientifically" rationalization.Like rescue-offering formula was find out a term "prehistory" ,with which was unquestioned presence of those phenomenon,but they have been put on the other side of our subjective and historical experience.(Term has into a science terminology primary withered Lubbock in the work "Prehistoric Times",1865.y.).At the same time,recent culture of"prehistoric" type have been passed through by similar treatment:ulteriority of a "primitive" cultures became important ideological justification for unscrupulous colonial expansion.Inside the same spiritually limits, bourgeois ideology carried out socio-psychological suppression of all formations of social and individual subsistence which exist upon "prehistorically" or "primitively" level also into a modern societies;"subconscious" and "subcultural" appearances have been proscribed out of legal society and put up under the control of repressive mechanisms and/or experts.
Modern technologies requires using of all possible human resources potentialities which classical social sciences, on the head with History,strangled into a orbit of privacy,folklore or essential uncognosizableness.Issue of the emancipation those potentialities, which comes to this onto a cognisance-semiotic capacities of man,have to become supremely "economic" issue,issue of ulterior development of the production forces.Whether will to bee proceeded "liberation" which dictate capital by means of manipulation with massive consciousness ,what does today appear in the global relations and which is in condition to hold out merely short-term hope or mass psychical discharge of irrationally type?;Or will be restored socialist traditions into a new conditions ?
Each myth tends to explain the dawn of ethnic or spiritual community upon which it does pertain and that "early beginning" to assign whether exclusive,or universal characteristic which to the particular community suffer dignity of the first or predominant over other human communities.This endeavour appears, at least partly,humanly valid.However,no mythical consciousness ,like nor pseudo-rational bourgeois History,and neither Morgan-Engels early attempt for rational explanation of older history,are on no account handling with today available facts.
EVOLUTION OF MAN AND CULTURE
Let us look at some facts!Within the last some fifty years were intervened crucially cognition about time and certain conditions of the origins of human kind,thanks to discovery of method of dating by means of a method of radio-active carbon.That event have happens in Europe before 30-40 000 years.Certain newer data purport that the appearance of human kind does happens in Africa some few ten thousands years earlier.Reconstruction of present-day DNA come into until oldness of round 150 000 years.However,that European acquaintance for now may be received forth beginning of truthful affirmation of man and beginning of actual history.That was the creature with the same physical and mental features and cultural-production's potentialities as well as present-day members of biological subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens.It should be logical that also a "limitation" between history and prehistory have to be pushed on until that period.This ,however, does not happens because myths about "origin" and their lightly rationalizations still exists into a consciousness of the majority of people,including(especially) and the experts and scientific workers which took up with hereby issues in details.
In order to satisfy primordial human needs for historical foundation,this new cognizance have to be enriched with answers upon two turnkey questions:1.)Under which condition and in what way does happens this miraculous cross from biological(animal) into a cultural(human) stage of an (sub)species ?,and 2.)What is that level of historical abstraction which joins together complete course of human past,overcoming up to now the concept of division between "history" and "prehistory" as well as many other lesser divisions and distinguishing of respective elements from universal course ?
We start with belief that the man is a subject of history,and that the bounds of history are also the bounds of the reason.Into a light of newly cognition about time and some conditions of the origins of human kind , also a bounds of subjectivity and to him appurtenant rationality are getting abroad.Primary fact which get in into a eyes by equalization of man and animal and/or his hominid ancestors and contemporaries,is his biological-sexual unfitness's which he had compensated with permanently shaping his symbolical world and continuously perfections and quantitative multiplying his tools,weapons and other products.And the beginning of the development of figuratively images,as well as specialised weapons and tools fall down exactly into a time round 30-40 000 years before present.Some essential turnover happened in that time;it is not familiar to us none intrinsically mutations into a external condition of subsistence - climate,vegetable and animal world have been traversed through the phase of glaciallisation,in the interval from 75-14 000 years before present.Amongst hominids,until then has been dominated Neanderthal man(Homo sapiens neanderthalensis),parallel with new subdivision Homo sapiens sapiens. Tools and weapons have been manufacture already by earlier parents(or relatives),starting from Australopitecines before 2,5 million years,via to Homo habilis,Homo erectus,Homo heidelbergiensis to Homo sapiens neanderthalensis. Those artifacts have been of "kernel" type, i.e .the tools were worked out merely rudimentary corps of a stone,and on no account his debris,what was discovery of H.sapiens sapiens. Its attainment was working out also from wood,bones,ivory.Evolution of the stature of hominids follow the trail into a direction of increasing brain measurement,and upright footstep.and there arises "Copernican reversal"in the evolution:female groin change hands upon the front side of the body,and was carrying foetus to become long-standing and child-birth weighty and painfuller,in fact unnatural.That was followed with livelong growing up and maturation and livelong nurture,cultural preparation for maturity age,.and lonesome sexual contact become complicated,it become impossible free of mediation of cultural achievements.Figuratively expressions of Paleolithic "Venuses"(specially that of Willendorf)clearly points hardship of that adaptation.(By certain African folks is tarried atavism called "steatopigia" which points deformation of woman's body due to that reversal).Thence does whole development of man evolve through the mediation of technologies and semiotics media in the purpose for compensation of a biological insufficiency.
Although did into a before-human(hence, in a right sense prehistorical)communities obtained systematic manufacturing of tools and weapons in their most rudimentary format,still is there unable to speak about social relationships.Namely,it didn't obtain medium-symbol like visual semiotic device.About symbol, like primordially expression of human memory the most was contributed by Leslie White.The contents of those visually symbol has been most oftener primary "economic" activity - hunting,with obligatory association upon sexual life on how was shown by A.Leroix-Gourhan based on cave paintings into a France,Spain,in Ural etc.
One else phenomenon has to become then dominant for complete posterior course of human history:it becomes visible regional distinction into a culture,i.e. into a technical processing stuff,into a shapes of manufactured tools and weapons and manner of symbolically(today to be told artistic)performances.It have become visible ,consequently,various semiotic systems of communication which have been easy to understand merely by limited communities of oldest people.Character of those distinctions has originated from , in a lesser measure utilitarian needs,but in a dominant measure resulted from various cultural conventions,in other words semiotic systems.It is visible that , until then unique (sub)species, begin to split inside them upon once higher,cultural plane.Into which measure have been the primary protagonists of various cultures mutually unfriendly or intimately,may we the present time just speculate.Positively is only that then have aroused first cultural difference or regional specialisations based on various visual-symbolical(semiotic)performances.We will see that intrinsically splitting of other elements of culture such as:verbal intercourse,rules to establish cognition relations,religiosity,organization of production and social institutions,arises much later.Here , we have to elaborate on ,that we under the semiotic system understand all the said,and not only linguistics and some related appearances ,on how have that exemplified structuralists.Whole cultural prosperity evolve since than across two antithetical endeavours:one,which tend to restore former(in fact fictitious)unity proper (sub)species,and the second which tend to establish differences and except other cultures from concept of genus.(Old Testament legend about expulsion first human couple from the paradise ,and about original sin, have its real base into a break with before-human biologically-sexually conformation and going upon the way of cultural prosperity).
At the present time on no account subsist consistent way of the presentation of human past.Various methods are scattered over miscellaneous scientifically disciplines which does take up with here.Thus the "prehistory" is sorted towards epochs of technological development:older, middle and upper stone period,Copper,Bronze and Iron Age,and for them come after the epochs indefinitely labelled by cultural-stylistic features:antic-classic,old-christian,earlymiddleage etc.From other side,historical science ,which does not interest for "prehistory", and temporally is limited upon 6000 years of written history,distinguish its domain upon "anilitis":old,middle and late,to whom we do not give none concept distinction.Into their progressively segment(Marxism,but also some other expostulations),the past is labelled by social-economic criterion:slave-owner,feudal,capitalistic and socialistic period.Insufficiency of that method is herein ,that it is unable to compass older periods, so neither to match that of level abstraction which may project future.Intriguing are attempts into a certain countries to do those repugnance run over with cultural-anthropological approach which does predominantly relies upon ethnological material,in other words upon development and forms of the system of affiliation relations.Except for cultural,upon act are also a social,biological,medical,psychological,philosophical,theological anthropology etc.Nobody, how much I know, didn't remember of historical anthropology that I offer hereunder this writing study out methodological to establish.
If we try to approach with unified view the totality of history,hence into a span from 30-40 000 years until today,firstly we have to repeal insufficiency of"prehistorical"archaeology ,which simplify the idea of development reducing it to the naked technology and to style differences which are non-historical.Neglecting staple specific of this oldest development,it suggests that this historic experience is surpassed,that is not ours.By uncovering inmost principles of total history,it would become clearly that history on no account begin(so like that probably nor ends)with merchandise-money social-economic relationships and class segregation of work.In fact,process of production,distribution and interchange materially goods is en active factor for all human communities.Into this early intervals, these processes indeed comprise with idea of"economy",but with wide made out idea of"semiotics".Economy would into a "historic"period set in like special case of semiotic system into which are all primary virtues exactitude measurable.Then would over these base set in culture or spiritual function,"overhead",which has earlier been indistinguishable integral part of rudimentary human values.
Technology,consequently,conditions pronounced types of human relations.and ,whereas for the "historic" period those relationship have been principally studied out and familiar,for "prehistory" that does not go for.Lonesome per itself,development from basic towards complexly formats does not intrinsically differ from the natural evolution of vivid creatures,it would be his simply continuation.That what is in them specific is that it cause formation of social relations,semiotic systems and historic epochs.This shapes is not,however,hierarchies;the later strangle or take captive older,alienate from man his inherent values,making ideological obscuring which withdraw man from his staple features.Development of the technologies gets its sense just if make possible returning of all misplaced qualities.Contemporary technology hold forth leave to chance for realization hugely step into that direction,likewise making threat from arising of totalitarian society of Orwellian type.
Appearance of what we today denominate image art coincide also with appearance of our (sub)species.I will endeavor to prove that the social-historical sense of this appearance is widely major than what to them attributes present-day vulgar-economists interpretations."Art", into its primarily function, is not a rude pendant or "overhead"of technologies,but staple integral segment of the productive-communicative functions of man.It has then been dominant semiotic framework, which has in itself reunited all intrinsically social functions,medium for protection and interchange total cultural experience.(We will see that a verbal intercourse undertakes this functions merely much later!).Contradictory experience of biological unity and cultural diversity ours (sub)species come across its early expression exactly into a visual-symbolical(or"iconic")performance.Image perfection of those performances rested until today unsurpassed,such as unsurpassed is this specific human tension.From this was silhouetted one type of semiotic expression with its autonomous canons whome is impossible to explain by copping current forms of economic interchange and cultural communications.That period may be conditionally denominated as a epoch of symbolical semiotics.This,briefly sketched epoch of human development coincide with the period of"Upper paleolithic" towards vital archaeological classification.
It has been interrupted with big climatic changes on Earth globe,incalescent,dissolve of glacial caps distended until then deeply into a,today moderate climatic zones,rising of a sea level for round 100 meters,changes in a vegetable and animal world etc.These changes have been initiated before some 14 000 years.
Modified was also a materially base of peoples living.Big netting animal have perished and hardly passable woodlands grew up.Man had to customise upon the new ecological conditions. Hunting upon tiny game,usually tided up with fishing and gathering of products, became dominant.That connoted binding for tight country and certain type of cultural closure,what does glance off also upon elocution and transfer of experience.Such as tailed away voluminous ecological systems of tundra and steppe,like that tailed away and common symbol - amongst which have been dominate big Pleistocene beasts,scenes of hunting and expressions of women.It does occur the need for building new semiotic system.That new medium for expressing oneself become language.Speech communication has been into a beforehand epoch just rudimentary developed,does not possessed none consistent rules.Now,phase-locked cultural closure,language become a capital device for reminding upon forlornness biologically unity of a kind and at the same time the medium for notation objects and features of coarctated ecological system of a respective group.Hence his complex structure which tend to, at the same time ,express universally and separately values.Concisely,hereunder period does procreate amongst fewness members of humanity voluminous lingual assemblages which does into a rudiments kept until the present time.Language,likewise as well as visually symbol into a previous period,have to become autonomous semiotic system,dominant device of complex social communications which contains production plus interchange of materially goods,but is unable to be reduced to economy ,because it does not manage with measurable measurement.It became some kind of abstract bill of exchange,common cipher for the whole social values which may or have to be interchanged.This period coincide temporally with late Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic and existed towards roughly calculation from 14 000 until 8000 y. before present.It may be generally marked like the epoch of lingual semiotics.
Subsidence of the climatic changes(which are a really base of a legend about "Flood" in almost all worlds mythologies and religions) have brought a deeply changes into a means of living people as much as the building of a new type of semiotics.It´s material base became agriculture and cattle breeding,and interchange of material and cultural values does appear across the complex system of affiliation relations.Term "agriculture revolution"(and later also "urban revolution") primary is into a science withered by G.Childe,and complexity of affiliation relations and their exceptional highbrow throws has been best described by C.Levy-Strauss(on the base of ethnological material).Media for transferring messages and counterbalance various social interests became magic,myth and ritual,predecessors of a present-day artistic,religious,and partly scientifically expressive means.System of affiliation relations became a new type of semiotics which has subordinated to themselves earlier dominant types:visually symbol and language.Rules for assemblage of marriages and inheritance(and inherit does collectively property and cultural features), puts into a interaction universality and separately into a historic development ,as well as into a non-timing,synchrony level.Therewith in point does occur and the myth about origin which concrete ancestors of some community proclaim for universal ancestors of mankind,beside obligatory presents of supernatural powers.It comes until contamination of shadowy consciousness about collectively descent and collectively history of all people and the consciousness about exclusivity of a narrow community.For all that does appear "ideological"suppression earlier dominant semiotic systems and to them appurtenant ways of production,they linger its autonomy and becomes segment of"congeniality semiotics".
Roots of mythical consciousness have been aroused in hereunder period of historic development.Primary attribute of this consciousness is suppression or forgetfulness of a facts about common development course and beginning of homogenization narrow communities which will endeavor to make out universal and human impose upon other similar communities,or to take them from any human features.Parallel come up as inner,primarily mild,hierarchical relations .Also a concept of ethnicity does occur in hereunder period.Complex system of symbols(especially on ceramics,timber,bones clothing etc.),lingual differentiation,religious knowledge and rites,wears some collectively attribute:pretension for protection materially self-sufficient of narrow community(kin,clan,tribe etc.).However,like as revealed in contemporary ethnology,congeniality of the blood do link lines of enormously,often continental proportions.We will see that modern History is not far from moving off from described format of mythical consciousness,although them has attached some rational cap(i.e.the other type of rationalization).
Estimated lengthening of this,archaeological to bee said than ,"neolithic"period ,somewhat is quandary.First appearance of that type are old 8-10 000 years and dominated ,all over to appearance of industrial revolution,into a major part world.Into a certain isolated country,furthermore ever related weakly means withstand attack late technological and semiotic creations.
Crossing into a high-developed farming production and homologous "governmental"organization of society does occur at the first time before six millenniums into a valleys of Euphrates and Tigris,thereafter in the valley of Nile,and almost at the same time into China and India.Straight development of metallurgy has followed this occurrence and is not necessarily bounded with higher types of social organizations.(Thus the majority of European civilizations have included into a new technological processes on slightly modified base of"Neolithic"type of society.).That what is for here presented making out of the history intrinsically,is the appearance of writing ,which modern historic science considers as "historic source first grade",and mathematical measuring units.That discoveries characterizes appearance of a new,economic type of semiotics, which has then undertaken the hegemony role of all social relations.In other words,created was merchandise-money economy.The contents of a concept of semiotics coincide now with Marxist making out of the idea of economy, by means of which,however, is Indeed to deliver up-growth line towards beforehand shapes of social life.This shapes have composed totally developed semiotic units,and not some kind of defective economy.This level of abstraction is needful ,on how will to be seen,for solving of problems which at the present time enforces scientific-technological revolution.New merchandise-money economy(or economic semiotics)has created,beside many attainment of universal nature,also a class segregated society.On this level of abstraction,that means that late semiotic shapes have subordinated to itself older ones;symbol,language and affiliation of the blood have to became cargo on the market ,or have ,at least indirectly,obeyed to the economic rules by the aid of separate institutions created for this purpose(civil services, contrivance of mastership and repression,church,conducted art etc.).That are at the same time institutions for economic and class subordinating of people.Exploited classes have to become hereby bearers and (most oftener unconscious)keepers of the old,alienate semiotic systems,in other words of originally creations of human history.
This "civilized" society has over-pasted through great number of phase stages,"formations",and through the great number of specific regional forms.In the light of above mentioned facts and hypothesis,it does silhouette some of theirs,up to this time neglected,common attributes.Staple attribute of all those phenomenal formats is that they in their development necessarily traverse -into a concisely and territorial limited facets - all the phases of universally semiotic development.Falling of old and breeding of late formats tied up is always with intuitively and ritualized repetition of originally "origin"of genus and ulterior intrinsically phases of development .(Moreover, does not onto-genetic development into a biology is unable into a roughly lines to describe like the repetition of phylogenetic one?).Falling off:generation chaos,misrule,moral looseness...;Renovation:Initiation of new rules and customs(conventions).Such events are,beside technological development,staple contents of history.Present-day historiography put into a foreground wars and diplomatic documents that are,however,,just side effect of a casting events.Although the testimony of the facts of material culture and theirs semiotic interpretations procure on significance, the methods of research and interpretation are perfection,still does subjective statements materialized into a scribed(particularly "diplomatic")documents,withhold prim at;the era of materialistic making out of the history does not really yet began.
Historic science make methodological and logical mistake when wholly neglects first two epoch of a semiotic development of mankind,and to the third pays respect merely partially, like "prehistory";it neglects them,but it emanates on the other positions whereby them is not a place.Error come thereby, why current or wanted conditions are copping into a past.God`s will or merchandise-money relationships are proclaimed as a cause of arising a community per affiliation(and causes are,we have seen biological,technological and semiotics complex);thereafter follow taking-over of"neolithic" mythical thought which apsolutizays origin of tight community and attaches him universally character;finally,leaped phases of symbolical,lingual and partly affiliation semiotics are put into a latter age and proclaimed as congenitally attributes of a concrete community.Actual order,into which universal and particular development goes in unbroken line, become prohibited topic,and the History a subtle instrument for repression of a bourgeois society.In spite off obviously contradictions, the bounds of such made out History ,are considered as a bounds of reason.(Similar can be told also for philosophy and theology,like most abstract forms of thinking).Of course that such "reason"can hardly put in opposition those ideologies which for proper principle takes "barbarism"(i.e.nazism and fascism).
Contemporary scientific-technological revolution subvert a bounds of that carefully constructed world of fictions.Symbolical and lingual semiotics,like part of the nouveau communications-informatics systems acquiesces a new autonomy,and global economy brings the making out about global cognition of all nations.This process is absolutely inevitable, even into a conditions of predominantly one-direction(non-democratic) course and rough manipulation with massive consciousness.Scripted word didn't more(or soon will not be) dominant,neither hierarchical superior semiotics instrument.Microprocessors equally and "paritable" leak and cultivate all forms of semiotic expressions and uplift amongst them comparative and equivalent analogies.Only,it does not speak to us nothing about their past,"neglecting" to this mode the role of a solely subject of history - man.Historical consciousness have to become thus solely instrument which would let him off to direct on the machinery which "thinks" and to,on the base of cultivated information, carry out the decisions.In the opposite case,machinery will be found into a ministration of technocratic ideologies and media of, up to this time, instanced submit and manipulation of people and social communities.Social thought of high developed(capitalistic)countries had to ,parallel with intervention of scientific-technological revolution,unfold process of liberation shortly tabooing areas of consciousness and behavior.
Watching into a context here signified new historic consciousness it has to start up,and that just partially,only consciousness and customs relating to the rules for establishing affiliation relations .Many regional,national,racial and morality barriers have been thrown down.Nevertheless,it avoid to awake these changes on the level of history, like birthplace of common social interest.(That is social content and bearing of contemporary globalism).That would be concrete mean of interpretation "neolithic" "affiliation semiology" from orbit of ulteriority and privacy(which are otherwise logical incompatible) into a zone of political,historically mediated experience.
Expressive medias of the economic type of semiotics are universally cultural values , which the History too often push into a space of cultural and political exclusivism,in other words into a totalisation of economic orbit of social life.The attempt of outleting from that contradiction resulted with new one;"Neolithic"consciousness was made out positivists, like a experience of contemporary ,or just not long ago vanishing communities of that type,and not like a category of historical consciousness.In their extreme format,such approach brought to the whole neglecting of a history and a lonesome idea the time(some structuralist!).It subsist a really threat that such concept conclude with the request for returning to"barbarism".
Last some few decades begun with silhouetting of some young type of semiotics, which surpasses,and at the same time pull into himself , all up to now ones.That is ecological semiotics.Problem of pollution of the environment,from local to global phenomenon,become all more to the universal problem.Prospering societies of the West,into a which is a class partition almost vanished,do in vain try transpose unclean production into a "Third world";contamination and their consequences returns like boomerang.It became visible a new,global, class segregation which indirectly afflict also a ruling part of the world.Omnipotence of a capital gradually does restrict with requisitions for a clean technologies.In front of protagonists of scientific- technological revolution there are a new challenges,antipodal to the politics of insatiable capital:new resources of energy,instead something so primitively such as the oil is,then continuation of an average human age on at least 120 years,are some of a visible goals The moving of the scientific-technological revolution into a undeveloped countries.harmonized wit their needs and possibilities,is another important goal.Additionally,it have to be established the globalism on the democratic and socialistic bese,in spite of the ruling neo-liberal one.Whether would capital,or some of powerfully state assimilate these goals,does not hang only of them.Ecological consciousness has its principles which surpasses a logic of might and money.For now , it does manage a conflict between ecological consciousness and logic of capital;in the long run,it will shape a new semiotic context which will absorb symbolical,lingual,affiliation and economic semiotics,attributing them a new quality.Destruction of the bounds between history and "prehistory" will be shown up as a key in that process.
In every case,established limitation between history and prehistory is cracked and no wonder power anymore will not carry it back at the old place.Beside somewhat imagination,we may make visible that the majority of human functions cross today bounds which are not long ago deemed as a bounds of rational and normal.History,like staple medium and catalyst of universal consciousness, has into that context exceptional location.Social awaking of "neolithic" stratum, like historic categories and autonomous semiotic system,just per se is not neither possible.It may be just a step for revealing inmost layers of a semiological functions of man,and finally towards uncovering of a historical facts about genesis of ours (sub)species.Contemporary scientific-technological means,especially from the area of a forensics,are already of voluminous help into that work.The means which manufacture a scientific-technological revolution will sponge out , into a range of sight time,the bounds between established professions.Distinguish will be ,at priority,a semiotics means which lead to the realization of goals,being they economic(exact measurably)or non-economic(leading on the raising of quality of living).Only criterion for intelligent and humane use of those means may be new historical consciousness,whose contents of ( chiefly just arguably) are here indicated.
By trying to summarize,I stress primary thesis which may bring to the new historical consciousness, proportionate to the requests of scientific-technological revolution and to the traditions of progressive historiography and related disciplines:
1.Temporaly limitation between history and prehistory is required to be set forward from currently 6 000 to 30-40 000 years.
2.-Moment,but not and a cause of the "origin"of man is his biologicaly-sexualy unfittness and "copernicanian reversal" into a way of coming to the world and a sexual contact beetween hominids.
3.Complete historic span of the existence of man is required to be looked at priority through the development and interchanges of a dominant semiotics systems.
4.Order is like that:simbolical semiotics(40 000 -14 000 years);lingual semiotics(14 000 - 8 000 years);affiliation semiotics(before 8 000 years with continuance into a some territories until today);economical semiotics(from 6 000 y. until today);and ecological semiotics(from 2. half of 20.century hereafter).
5.Inside economic semiotics,the emerging and development of respective tight social-economyc units is required to be methodologically related upon universality subsequence of development ,because they originate from them and makes his "short recapitulation".
6.Contemporary science and technology makes possible establishing value equilibrium between this historic as well as current semiotic systems and will leave the door open for the elimination of total prevalence of economy in a social life.
7.Such methodological approach mostly draw upon denomination"historical anthropology".Aplied method is historical and dialectical materialism which,how was visible, must not be tightly tide up with classical Marxism.
Concisely,for execution of the first industrial revolution it was sufficiently the proficiency of national history;for socialist overturn inside the same technological premises lasted the setting of thet history upon social-economic and class principles.Microprocessor,molecular and others facets of scientific revolution desires proficiency of universal history and homologous higher level of historical abstraction.In the frames of capitalistic legality ,such metamorphosis will be impossible.