Whether a political system is benign or appalling, to use John McCreery’s terminology, is dependent on how that system benefits you and yours. My work is not so much about how to prevent official misdeeds, but an historical look at why it is that for most of human existence there was no officialdom and no opportunity for exploitation by one individual, cohort or class of persons with regard to the general population. And, furthermore, I identify the key causal variable in the emergence of such exploitative possibilities by officials e.g., in evolutionary sequence, more or less, headmen of kin groups and sodalities, little chiefs, chiefs, kings and emperors. Almost from the beginning, these political officials acted in cahoots with religious authorities or claimed for themselves religious knowledge and expertise unavailable to the general public. The key causal variable that set the exploitative ball rolling was the development of a storable-stealable-surplus as humans either (1) lived in an environment that provided them with a natural product that could be accumulated and stored for a long period of time, thereby becoming a commodity e.g., among the Amerindians of the Northwest Coast of America – salmon meat and the oil of the candlefish; or (2) people who learned how to domesticate plants and animals. In both cases, this presence of a storable-stealable-surplus induced aggrandizers to fabricate ideas and rules, the reglementary package of officialdom, that enabled them and theirs to amass greater power, prestige and property than others in society and to pass those valuables on from generation to generation in a privileged line of succession. This was not possible in most non-storing hunter-gatherers of the Paleolithic because aggrandizers in those societies were limited to gaining generation-limited prestige by being prime living example of communalism, sharing and reciprocity since they had no storable-stealable-surplus for which to compete, hoard and pass on to their offspring. How to prevent this in the modern world of nation-states and globalized institutions is much harder than analyzing how it all came to be in history.